The following page contains detailed information about the specialist services ASP can provide to clients in the Leisure Industry:
Information about Review of Design
As an ADIPS Registered inspection body, ASP can undertake to carry out a Review of Design of Passenger Carrying Devices as laid down in the Health & Safety Executive booklet Fairgrounds and Amusement Parks – Guidance on safe practice (HSG 175).
Which devices require review?
Any new or second – hand or imported amusement device, and any device that undergoes any modification that may affect safety related systems.
No new amusement device should be used or an existing device brought back into service following a safety-critical modification unless an inspection body competent in design review has confirmed in writing that the design is sound.
Design review is needed when a design is altered, even if the alteration only involves components, which have a history of safe use elsewhere or will use such components in a new configuration. It is important to ensure that the change is appropriate and will not affect safety in the vicinity of the component or elsewhere.
New and second – hand imported devices will require design review unless there is evidence that a review that meets the standards of the guidance has already been done by an inspection body.
The industry considers that design review is an essential part of the testing and examination required for fairground equipment and that it is appropriate for all amusement devices. It is an essential safety check. It does not however, reduce the responsibility of the designer to make sure that the design is safe.
Information about Initial Test
As an ADIPS Registered Inspection Body, ASP can undertake to carry out a verification of initial test of Passenger Carrying Devices as laid down in the Health & Safety Executive booklet Fairgrounds and Amusement Parks – Guidance on safe practice (HSG 175).
Paragraph 53 of HSE “Fairgrounds and Amusement Parks – Guidance on safe practice (HSG 175) states that the Manufacturer or Installer should:
Carry out the initial test in accordance with the designer’s instructions, witnessed by an inspection body competent in the verification of such tests. This is in addition to any testing of the device, for example, functional tests and testing of individual components, which may have already been done.
Main features of the Initial Test
The initial test is the final check of initial integrity and is designed to assess those aspects of design and manufacture which can best be proved by testing rather than theory. The device needs to being its final state, including any theming, lighting, sound systems etc. Where a device is to be used at a fixed site, the initial test should be done in situ.
Repeat devices of an established design still need an initial test. However, some of the more extensive testing to prove the initial design may not need to be repeated if the inspection body is satisfied that the results are still relevant. In such cases the report should distinguish between tests done on the device supplied and relevant data obtained from other devices.
Besides checking that the device performs according to specification, the initial test is an important means of checking whether the operating instructions and other guidance in the operations manual are clear and give all the information necessary for safe operation.
As stated, this initial test should be carried out by the Manufacturer, or installer, but there is a requirement for such tests to be “witnessed by an inspection body competent in verification of such tests”.
The initial test would be witnessed, and all safety related control systems will be verified as being safe for operation. A visual assessment of the structure will also be undertaken.
ASP would also carry out a thorough assessment of all paperwork and documentations, to ensure that the device has been tested in accordance with HSG 175.
Once the above has been carried out, and all documentation is in place, then the device will be in a fit state to be opened to the public, and the Client will be assured of compliance with British Fairgrounds and Amusement park safety legislation.
Information about Thorough Examination
As an ADIPS Registered Inspection Body, ASP can also undertake to carry out a yearly Thorough Examination of Passenger Carrying Devices as laid down in the Health & Safety Executive booklet “Fairgrounds and Amusement Parks, A Code of Safe Practice HS(G)81 and it’s Technical Annexe”.
Thorough examination is an important part of a controller’s arrangements for reducing risk to members of the public. The objective of thorough examination of an amusement device by an appointed inspection body is to provide a check on its fitness for further use. An inspection body will use procedures, tests and investigations necessary to decide whether the amusement device may continue to be operated, or that the device requires defects to be remedied either immediately or in a specified period.
By ‘fitness for further use’ it is not intended that the appointed inspection body would duplicate other types of inspection; the checks would include:
- That the operations manual contains the reports of design assessment of conformity to design and initial test, and, details of safety – critical repairs and modifications;
- That the safety – critical aspects of the device have not deteriorated to an extent, which is liable to cause danger.
- A functional test
- That devices have been upgraded, where necessary to avoid danger, for example, as advised in NAFLIC technical bulletins or HSE guidance.
The industry requires that every amusement device and any ancillary parts which may affect the safety of the ride are subject to thorough examination at least annually, or within any shorter period specified by the manufacturer or appointed inspection body. The period between tests should never exceed 14 months but this flexibility should not be used as an excuse to have an extended series of 14-month intervals.
ASP can provide a Competent Person, as laid down in the Guidance to carry out the examination and provide certificates and reports.
Systems & Safety Consultancy may also carry out any risk assessment that may be required for safe operation of a ride, or indeed a complete site.
This is now a legal requirement, as outlined in the Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1992.
All aspects can be covered, and may include operation, training, and general hazard assessment.
It is becoming increasingly important that complete design specifications are discussed with Local Authorities, the Health & Safety Executive, or perhaps the Railways Inspectorate. This is necessary to gain the appropriate approvals, which in some cases may entail considerable bureaucracy. It is essential that such work is undertaken by persons with adequate knowledge of the subjects, in order to ensure a smooth passage.
This aspect of the business is increasing, particularly in view of the ongoing onset of legislation from Europe. Systems & Safety Consultancy has an advantage here, as Steve Parker attends many of the legislation forming committees, and therefore has a good working knowledge of all the requirements.
ASP has the equipment and expertise to measure the accelerations present on all types of amusement ride. The accelerometers used, are capable of measuring 2000 Hz at 100g, which have more than the resolution and range to measure not only the normal values acting on the human frame, but will help to resolve the dynamics of fatigue calculation.
The data-logger and software used by ASP has been developed over several years, and presents the highest possible quality and complex manipulation of results, so that design engineers can make accurate predictions of the behaviour of not only passengers, but the dynamics of the device as well.
Review of Documentation
With all the increasing documentation that is required by legislation, both from Britain and Europe, it can be difficult sometimes to ensure that all the correct paperwork is in place. ASP can carry out an audit of all the safety paperwork on a site, and check that everything is in place.
Sound Level Measurement, Assessment and Calculation of projected values
With theme park rides getting larger and noisier, there is sometimes a need to calculate the projected noise levels of devices that are yet to be built. This can be done by measuring the levels at existing rides, and calculating the levels for the new ride.
There is also a need to measure dosage levels of operators and ride attendants, in order to satisfy Health & Safety Legislation.
ASP can carry out both these tasks, and provide detailed reports.